Glasgow is one of the oldest cities in the United Kingdom, and as such enjoys a rich history. It’s one of the largest and most populated cities within the UK, which means it has a distinct role in many of the events that have taken place within the country over the course of centuries.
Years before the Ancient Romans were in the area, the area surrounding the river Clyde was inhabited, and used for fishing. Communities grew around this area, and eventually the Romans built a wall that can still be seen in parts of modern Glasgow, that was used to keep the Celtic and Pictish tribes away.
Almost a thousand years ago, the city we now recognize began to form as the Cathedral was built. Only a few hundred years later, the University was built too, which makes it one of the oldest academic institutions in the world. This university has since been expanded and is still considered one of the best schools in the UK.
From the 1500s, Glasgow became an important industrial town, and the city’s position close to the Atlantic and on the river turned it into a prominent city for business and trade. This was especially true for imports from the USA such as tobacco, cotton, and sugar. This trade is what really transformed the town into an international business hub, and is behind most of it’s growth.
By the 1800s, Glasgow was ship building, and this industry continued up until the First World War, however Glasgow’s industry did succumb to the financial problems of the Great Depression. For decades after the Second World War, the city went into economic decline, and a lack of jobs led to other social problems in the city.
Thankfully the efforts from the 1980s to the present in rebuilding and restoring the city have been a success, and Glasgow is once again thriving, and home to many successful businesses, industries, and is a popular tourist destination.